Israeli authorities approved a new law on Sunday that would allow Palestinians to hold elections and hold the government accountable for the “violations” committed during the 1967 Six-Day War.
The legislation, passed by the cabinet, also allows Palestinians to participate in local elections and the creation of Palestinian-owned businesses in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
The new legislation also sets up a committee to study the “resolutions of the international community” and “resolve the security issues” and provides a mechanism to ensure that the Palestinian Authority is held accountable.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office said the government would “take all necessary measures” to implement the law.
The move comes just days after a Palestinian delegation visited Israel to lobby for the law’s approval.
The Israeli parliament approved the bill by a large margin, with the majority supporting the move.
On Monday, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas called the law “a declaration of war” and called on Palestinians to “rise up and resist it.”
The PA has rejected the idea of holding a Palestinian presidential election, but the legislation was the first time it has approved such a measure in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
The bill would require that all the bodies in charge of the Palestinian government be elected by Palestinians, who are currently barred from voting in Israeli elections.
It also allows the Palestinians to form a “general assembly” with a five-member advisory council that could approve all Palestinian-led government decisions.
It is unclear what impact the new law will have on the upcoming Israeli elections, which will be held in December.
The two main parties, the Joint List, and the Zionist Union, are expected to win most of the seats, but some Palestinians will be eligible to vote in the runoff.
According to the United Nations, more than 120,000 Palestinians were killed in the war, which also saw Israel capture the West and East of the country in 1967.
More than 1.8 million Palestinians are estimated to have been forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in other countries.